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Abbreviations  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.533
Item type: 
section
The following are some common abbreviations from pulmonary function testing; they should always be expanded at first mention:

Apgar Score  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.520
Item type: 
section
(p387-389),,This score is an assessment of a newborn’s physical well-being based on the 5 parameters of heart rate, breathing, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color, each of which is rated 0, ... More

Bacteria: Additional Terminology  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.526
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section
There is no “official” classification of bacteria… [B]acterial classifications are devised for micro- biologists, not for the entities being classified. Bacteria show little interest in the matter of ... More

Bethesda System  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.440
Item type: 
section
The Bethesda System for Reporting Cervical Cytology, dating to 1988, is a standardized, systematic means of reporting Papanicolaou test results. Resources are the published handbook (the “blue book”) ... More

Biological Nomenclature  

AMA Manual of Style Committee

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.525
Item type: 
section
Scientific names are labels used in place of lengthy descriptions. A scientific name corresponds to a set of formally defined attributes. The meanings of scientific names are internationally ... More
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Blood Groups  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.434
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section
Blood groups are characterized by erythrocyte (red blood cell) antigens with common immunologic properties (eg, group A). Blood group systems are series of such antigens encoded by a single gene or ... More
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Blood Groups, Platelet Antigens, and Granulocyte Antigens  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.223
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section
[A]lthough erythrocytes have traditionally been considered relatively inert cellular containers of hemoglobin, they are in fact active in a variety of physiologic processes.  L. Calhoun and L. D. ... More

Cancer Stage  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.438
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section
Cancer stages are expressed with the use of capital roman numerals: stage I stage II stage III stage IV The term “stage 0” usually indicates carcinoma in situ. Histologic grades are expressed with ... More
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Cardiology  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.225
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section
Several areas of cardiology use simple letter terms and alphanumeric terms that need not be expanded at first mention. International standardization of electrocardiographic nomenclature dates back to ... More

CD Cell Markers  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.490
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section
Clusters of differentiation (CDs) are a system for identifying cellular surface markers, a number of which define lymphocyte subsets (see , Lymphocytes). The system and its nomenclature were ... More

Cellular and Molecular Cardiology  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.456
Item type: 
section
See also , Molecular Medicine. These descriptive terms do not require expansion: Expand these terms at first mention: If an expansion is given, use at first mention. Otherwise, terms may be used ... More

Chemical Names  

Margaret A. Winker

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.462
Item type: 
section
The chemical name describes a drug in terms of its chemical structure.(p9) Chemical names are provided in the American Chemical Society’s Chemical Abstracts (information available at ... More

Chemokines  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.489
Item type: 
section
Chemokines comprise a family of about 40 low-molecular-weight cytokines (see , Cytokines) with important roles in the immune system, as well as functions beyond it. The name chemokine, a contraction ... More

Code Designations  

Margaret A. Winker

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.463
Item type: 
section
A code designation is a temporary designation assigned to a product by the institution or manufacturer and may be used to refer to a drug under development before a nonproprietary name has been ... More

Combination Products  

Margaret A. Winker

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.467
Item type: 
section
For combination products (mixtures), the names of the active ingredients should be provided. The proprietary name of the combination may be given in parentheses if necessary to clarify the product to ... More

Complement  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.491
Item type: 
section
It is estimated that one C3b deposited on an organ- ism can become four million in about 4 min. M. K. Liszewski and J. P. Atkinson(p922) The term complement refers to a group of serum proteins ... More

Coronary Artery Angiographic Classifications  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.455
Item type: 
section
Guidelines are available for nomenclature of coronary artery segments, used in coronary artery catheterization and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow (TIMI flow). The TIMI flow is expressed ... More

Cytokines  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.492
Item type: 
section
… some viruses subvert the immune response by producing homologs of mammalian cytokines or their receptors. J. J. Oppenheim and M. Feldmann(p7) Cytokines are proteins or glycoproteins produced after ... More

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)  

Richard M. Glass

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.529
Item type: 
section
The American Psychiatric Association has published 5 editions of a manual for the classification of mental disorders. Each edition has been titled Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental ... More

Drug Abbreviations  

Margaret A. Winker

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.470
Item type: 
section
Some drugs have commonly used abbreviations, such as INH for isoniazid and TMP for trimethoprim. However, abbreviations may be used inconsistently or confused with other terms or be unfamiliar to ... More

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