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Guest and Ghost Authors  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.137
Item type: 
section
been given guest, or honorary, places in the byline even though they have not met all of the criteria for authorship . However, this custom is not acceptable because it devalues the meaning of authorship . 14 , 17 The ICMJE guidelines state specifically that “general supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship ” and that participation solely in the “acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision” does not justify authorship . 5 Such supervision and participation should be noted in the Acknowledgment (see 5.2 Acknowledgments

Authorship: Definition, Criteria, Contributions, and Requirements  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.136
Item type: 
section
to sign a statement of authorship responsibility based on the ICMJE guidelines and to indicate their specific contributions from a checklist based on the ICMJE authorship criteria and empiric data from studies of authorship and author contributions. This statement is required for authors of all types of manuscripts, including editorials, letters to the editor, and book reviews 8-11 (see Box. JAMA Authorship Responsibility, Criteria, and Contributions Box ). JAMA and the Archives Journals use a single form for information about authorship responsibility, criteria

Group and Collaborative Authorship  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.142
Item type: 
section
participants should not be promised authorship status and a place in the byline merely for performing activities that alone do not qualify for authorship (eg, cooperating in a study, collecting data, attending a working conference, lending technical assistance). However, performing any of those activities in addition to writing or critically revising the manuscript and approving the version to be published would be sufficient to merit authorship (see 5.1.1 Authorship : Definition, Criteria, Contributions, and Requirements 5.1.1 , Authorship : Definition, Criteria, Contributions
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Authors  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.46
Item type: 
section
Archives Journals, in bylines, make a distinction between a group of individuals writing for a group and a group of individuals writing as a group or in addition to (ie, and ) a group (see 5.1.7 Group and Collaborative Authorship 5.1.7 , Legal and Ethical Considerations, Authorship Responsibility, Group and Collaborative Authorship ), this distinction is not retained in the NLM database and hence in MEDLINE. If authors, in their reference lists, provide this information, the for or and will be retained, but if this information is not provided, the reference
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Articles of Opinion  

Richard M. Glass

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.16
Item type: 
section
implications, or may deal with a separate topic of interest to the journal’s readers or editors. In the past, it was common for authors of medical journal editorials not to be identified, as is still the usual practice for newspaper editorials. This has become much less common as authorship responsibility and accountability have received increasing emphasis in medical publishing. (See 5.1.3 Unsigned Editorials, Anonymous Authors, Pseudonymous Authors 5.1.3 , Ethical and Legal Considerations, Unsigned Editorials, Anonymous Articles, Pseudonymous Authors.) Journals

Manuscript Preparation  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
eISBN: 
9780195382846
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195176339
and explanatory legend as needed. ☐ 10. Have each author read, complete, and sign the Authorship Form with statements of authorship responsibility, criteria, and contributions; financial disclosure; and copyright transfer. After submission, add the manuscript number to the top of each author form and send in the author forms by mail or fax to the editorial office. ☐ 11. Indicate specific contributions from each author (see authorship checklist on Authorship Form). ☐ 12. Include statement signed by corresponding author that written permission
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Ethical and Legal Considerations  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
eISBN: 
9780195382846
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195176339
5.1 5.1 Authorship Responsibility Authorship Responsibility 5.1.1 5.1.1 Authorship : Definition, Criteria, Contributions, and Requirements Authorship : Definition, Criteria, Contributions, and Requirements 5.1.2 5.1.2 Guest and Ghost Authors Guest and Ghost Authors 5.1.3 5.1.3 Unsigned Editorials, Anonymous Authors, Pseudonymous Authors Unsigned Editorials, Anonymous Authors, Pseudonymous Authors 5.1.4 5.1.4 Number of Authors Number of Authors 5.1.5 5.1.5 Order of Authorship Order of Authorship 5.1.6 5.1.6 Changes in Authorship Changes in

Sponsored Supplements  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.254
Item type: 
section
previously published elsewhere) should be clearly identified by the citation of the original paper. Supplements should avoid redundant or duplicate publication. Supplements should not republish research results, but the republication of guidelines or other material in the public interest might be appropriate. 9. The principles of authorship and conflict of interest disclosure should apply to supplements. 5.12.3 Advertorials Previous | 5.12.5 Other Forms of Sponsorship Next

Correspondence (Letters to the Editor)  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.242
Item type: 
section
Authors of letters accepted for publication should sign statements of authorship responsibility, financial disclosure, and copyright or publication license transfer. Journals may edit accepted letters for content, length, clarity, grammar, style, and format. Authors should approve changes that alter the substance or tone of a letter or response. 24 For journals that publish rapid-response sections for online-only letters, these postings should be reviewed to verify that they meet the journal’s guidelines and requirements for such postings, to determine that they contribute

Ownership and Control of Data  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.184
Item type: 
section
Scientific Journals). Some journals require authors to provide data available on request for examination by the editors or peer reviewers (see 5.4 Scientific Misconduct 5.4 , Scientific Misconduct). For example, JAMA requires all authors to sign the following as part of their authorship responsibility statement: If requested, I shall produce the data on which the manuscript is based for examination by the editors or their assignees. In addition, for reports containing original data (eg, research articles, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses), JAMA requires

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