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Margaret A. Winker

, Richard M. Glass

, and Harriet S. Meyer

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Principal authors: Margaret A. Winker, MD, sections 15.4, 15.5, and 15.9; Richard M. Glass, MD, section 15.15; Harriet S. Meyer, MD, remaining sections

The following individuals reviewed drafts and provided invaluable suggestions: Blood Groups and Platelet Antigens: Geoff Daniels, PhD, Bristol Institute for Transfusion Sciences, Bristol, England; Cancer: Irvin D. Fleming, MD, Methodist Healthcare, Memphis, Tennessee; Cardiology: Michael S. Lauer, MD, Cleveland Clinic Heart Center, Cleveland, Ohio, JAMA/Archives Journals, Chicago, Illinois; Drugs: Stephanie C. Shubat, MS, Director, USAN Program, Chicago, Illinois; David S. Cooper, MD, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, JAMA/Archives Journals, Chicago, Illinois (hormones and insulin); Julie A. Mares, PhD, University of Wisconsin-Madison (vitamins and related compounds); Shannon L. Foley, MS, Archives Journals, and David E. Bruns, MD, Clinical Chemistry and University of Virginia, Charlottesville (stereoisomers); Genetics: Richard G. H. Cotton, PhD, DSc, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; Stylianos E. Antonarakis, MD, DSc, Centre Médical Universitaire, Genève, Switzerland; Dr Johan den Dunnen, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands, Human Genome Variation Society; Daniel W. Nebert, MD, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio (nucleic acids and amino acids; human genes); Hester Mary Wain, PhD, Galton Laboratory, University College, London, England (human gene nomenclature); Boris Pasche, MD, PhD, Northwestern University Medical Center, JAMA/Archives Journals, Chicago, Illinois (oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes); Dr Felix Mitelman, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden (chromosomes); Lois J. Maltais, BS, The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine (nonhuman genetic terms); Robin L. Bennett, MS, CGC, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle (pedigrees); Hemostasis: Leon W. Hoyer, MD, Annapolis, Maryland; Immunology: Tristram G. Parslow, MD, PhD, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, Howard M. Gebel, PhD, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, Robert A. Bray, PhD, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia; Steven G. E. Marsh, PhD, ARCS, Anthony Nolan Research Institute, Royal Free Hospital, London, England; Molecular Medicine: Boris Pasche, MD, PhD, Northwestern University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, JAMA/Archives Journals, Chicago, Illinois; Jeanette M. Smith, MD, JAMA/Archives Journals, Chicago, Illinois; Neurology: Michael J. Aminoff, MD, DSc, FRCP, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine; Ophthalmology: Neil M. Bressler, MD, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, Daniel M. Albert, MD, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison; Organisms and Pathogens: Kevin C. Hazen, PhD, D(ABBM), University of Virginia, Charlottesville (biological nomenclature); Pulmonary and Respiratory Terminology: John B. West, MD, PhD, DSc, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla.

Cassio Lynm, JAMA, provided illustrations. Joanne Weiskopf, JAMA and Archives Journals, adapted illustrations. Yolanda Davis-Ellis and Sandra Schefris, James S. Todd Memorial Library, American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois, assisted in obtaining references.

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